Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle
Werner Heisenberg introduced the principle of uncertainty around 1927, which states that there are limits to the degree of accuracy with which mass and momentum can be measured at the same time.
The world we live in is not deterministic, complexity is all around us and his principle discusses that "the more precisely the position of some particle is determined, the less precisely its momentum can be known" (Heisenberg 1927).
The video that follows is short but fun. An experiment is performed that satisfies Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle.